Child and adolescent mental health and psychosocial well-being across the lifespan: towards an integrated conceptual framework for research and evidence generation
Mental health issues affect approximately 1 in 7 adolescents worldwide. In the context of COVID-19, the importance of mental health and psychosocial support for all has unquestionably been confirmed. Despite increased attention to mental health issues, there is little evidence on what determines the mental health of children and adolescents, who is most at risk, and what works to support mental health across all settings. distinct contexts, cultures and population groups. This conceptual framework is intended to inform research on child and youth mental health. It incorporates the developmental stages of children and the dynamic environment in which they live and grow. Informed by a review of existing theoretical frameworks on child mental health and development, this framework incorporates elements of the socio-ecological model; the life course approach; the social determinants of health approach; and the Innocenti Report Card worlds of influence framework. By combining various aspects of these frameworks and approaches, we offer an integrated model to guide UNICEF’s research in this area.